According toparagraph 88of the Operational guidelines for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention 2012, integrity is defined as follows:

  1. Integrity is a measure of the wholeness and intactness of the natural and/or cultural heritage and its attributes. Examining the conditions of integrity, therefore requires assessing the extent to which the property:

a) includes all elements necessary to express its Outstanding Universal Value;
b) is of adequate size to ensure the complete representation of the features and processes which convey the property’s significance;
c) suffers from adverse effects of development and/or neglect.

This should be presented in a statement of integrity.

The physical fabric of the ensemble of the buildings in Kinmen’s military site and settlements is in good condition. For sustainable development of the intangible cultural heritage and conservation of the landscape setting, the the structural integrity of the site is well maintained, which meets the requirements of the 2011 Operational Guidelines to the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. The major issues that relate to integrity are outlined in the statements below.

  1. Present State of Conservation for the ensemble of buildings
    The traditional settlements and military tunnels are well maintained and preserved by local authority and are protected by comprehensive legal and management frameworks. Revitalization and reuse of the site are also well implemented. In addition to keeping their original functions, space is re-used for newly created purposes, such as hostels and boarding houses for tourists, an example of a very common form of reuse of traditional buildings in Kinmen.
  2. Sustainable development of the intangible cultural heritage
    The intangible cultural heritage, such as traditional ancestral temples, festivals, folklore, seasonal ceremonies, art and crafts, and so forth, cannot stand on its own, separated from the tangible heritage. The main function of the intangible cultural heritage is to enrich the spirit of physical places and space, and to maintain the integrity between sites and their settings. The development of intangible cultural heritage lies primarily in people’s everyday lives; however, the work of transmission starts with comprehensive, systematic recording and preservation.
  3. The Organic Southern Fujian Cultural Setting is Completely Preserved
    By proposing new amendments and supplements to existing laws we expect to achieve the following goals.
    a) The conservation and preservation of the topography and people’s lifestyle in the proposed core area and its buffer zone.
    b) The preservation of the landscape setting that reflects cultural distinctiveness and features.
    c) The preservation of Kinmen's overall atmosphere rooted in Southern Fujian culture.



According to paragraph 82 of the 2012 Operational guidelines for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, authenticity is defined as follows:

Depending on the type of cultural heritage, and its cultural context, properties may be understood to meet the conditions of authenticity if their cultural values (as recognized in the nomination criteria proposed) are truthfully and credibly expressed through a variety of attributes including:

      • form and design;
      • materials and substance;
      • use and function;
      • traditions, techniques andmanagement systems;
      • location and setting;
      • language, and other forms of intangible heritage;
      • spirit and feeling; and
      • other internal and external factors.

Because Kinmen was under military administration from 1953 to 1992, its traditional buildings and landscape setting remain mostly intact and complete. Starting in 1982, the preservation and restoration of valuable ancient buildings and cultural properties under legislative protection essentially meet the requirements of the Cultural Heritage Act and the World Heritage Convention. All parties involved support and safeguard the preservation of the ensemble of buildings, structures and original layout, the physical fabric of the property, and form and materials. They have begun to pay close attention to the environment, methods of production, and structural maintenance. In terms of authenticity, the organic development of traditional Southern Fujian settlements and settings, which has evolved since the 19th century, is better preserved.

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